ITF Patterns

Patterns, or tul (틀) in Korean, originally called hyeong (형), form an important aspect of training in Taekwon-Do. ITF Patterns (tul) are performed in accordance with “The Encyclopedia of Taekwon-Do” in 15 volumes written by General Choi Hong Hi. ITF Patterns also known as Chang Hon-style .

There are also three fundamental exercises, named Saju-Jirugi (Four Direction Punch), Saju-Makgi (Four Direction Block) and Saju Tulgi (Four Direction Thrust). Saju-Jirugi and Saju-Makgi are basic defence exercises taught to beginners of the martial art. Saju Tulgi is less well known and is generally taught to 2nd Kup students just prior to Hwa-Rang. Saju Tulgi is not presented in the Condensed Encyclopedia but is present in the 15 Volume Encyclopedia

The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all of my life.

General Choi Hong Hi

The 24 Patterns (Chang-Hon Patterns) in Taekwon-Do ITF are:

NumberHanguelRomanizedMovementsRankBelt
1천지 Chon-Ji 199th gup Yellow tip
2단군 Dan-Gun 21 8th gup Yellow belt
3도산 Do-San 24 7th gup Green tip
4원효 Won-Hyo 28 6th gup Green belt
5율곡 Yul-Gok 38 5th gup Blue tip
6중근 Joong-Gun 32 4th gup Blue belt
7퇴계 Toi-Gye 37 3rd gup Red tip
8화랑 Hwa-Rang 29 2nd gup Red belt
9충무 Choong-Moo 30 1st gup Black tip
10광개 Kwang-Gae 39 1st dan 1st Degree Black Belt
11포은 Po-Eun 36 1st dan 1st Degree Black Belt
12계백 Gae-Baek 44 1st dan 1st Degree Black Belt
13의암 Eui-Am 45 2nd dan 2nd Degree Black Belt
14충장 Choong-Jang 52 2nd dan 2nd Degree Black Belt
15주체 Juche (formerly Ko-Dang) 45 2nd dan 2nd Degree Black Belt
16삼일 Sam-Il 33 3rd dan 3rd Degree Black Belt
17유신 Yoo-Sin 68 3rd dan 3rd Degree Black Belt
18최영 Choi-Yong 46 3rd dan 3rd Degree Black Belt
19연개 Yeon-Gae 49 4th dan 4th Degree Black Belt
20을지 Ul-Ji 42 4th dan 4th Degree Black Belt
21문무 Moon-Moo 61 4th dan 4th Degree Black Belt
22서산 Seo-San 72 5th dan 5th Degree Black Belt
23세종 Se-Jong 24 5th dan 5th Degree Black Belt
24통일 Tong-Il 56 6th dan 6th Degree Black Belt
ITF Patterns