is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Shik, who dedicated his lief to the Korean Independence Movement and to the education of his people. The 45 movements represent the last two figures of 1945, the year Korea was liberated from Japanese occupation.


**Formely known as “Je Che”. Which was originally created by General Choi Hong Hi as “Kodang”. It was announced by ITF in June 2008 to revert its name to the original so as to remain independent and true to the teachings of General Choi.